Volume 8: Issue 2 – Inequalities in science
TIMSS SA Newsletters
Published in 2023
Cycles: TIMSS 2019
Ideally, achievement outcomes should only reflect differences in learners’ abilities and effort. However, in most educational systems, outcomes or achievement gaps are also associated with individual and contextual factors such as race, gender, socioeconomic status of the home and school, and geographic location. In this newsletter we illustrate the inequalities in science outcomes, or achievement gaps, for TIMSS 2019 using Grade 5 and Grade 9 South African data.